What is a Hybrid Car: Benefits, Working & Types Explained

A car with an increase of than one propulsion system is generally known as a hybrid car, and it consists of a blend of petrol or diesel engine with a power motor.

Individuals planning to get their practical such a model will need to have thorough understanding of just what a hybrid car is, its working, features, and sub-categories.

If you’re someone looking for the same, continue reading to know more relating to this four-wheeler type!
Inside a hybrid car, the machine recollects energy via regenerative braking. As a result, the quantity of gasoline used is less because of its dual operating mechanism.

The operating mode can be changed and shifted while driving, which means the car can transform between a gas engine and a power motor. Sometimes, it may use both to improve the car’s performance.

A hybrid car comes with a dual battery power, comprising a 12-volt conventional battery power and a high-voltage battery pack. Usually, deceleration in a typical car turns kinetic energy into heat. However, a hybrid four-wheeler uses regenerative braking to transform the kinetic energy lost when slowing into energy to replenish its battery pack.

Given that you really know what is meant by a hybrid car, it’s time to understand its employed in detail.

How Do hybrid luxury cars Work?
Following is a brief history of the most notable 5 mechanisms to help you realize what sort of hybrid car works –

1. Pulling Away From the Stop
The car is moved primarily with the aid of a power motor, which draws on the hybrid battery for power.

2. Normal Cruising
When cruising at high speeds, both electric motor and petrol engine could work together or independently.

3. Heavy Acceleration
During heavy acceleration and high speeds, the energy provided to the automobile originates from the petrol engine.

4. Braking and Deceleration
When slowing and braking, kinetic energy becomes electric energy to replenish the battery pack. Also, the car’s electric motor switches into a reverse mode after applying brakes, creating its wheels to decelerate.

5. Coming to a Complete Stop
Both petrol and electric motors turn off when the vehicle comes to an end. However, its battery still keeps working, allowing vehicle systems, such as light, air conditioning, and radio to perform.

While looking for petrol hybrid cars following above mechanisms, you may come across numerous SUVs.

If in a dilemma, go for hybrid SUVs such as MG Hector and Mahindra Scorpio to see the best thrill with optimum performance.

What Are the Types of Hybrid Cars?
This is a detailed discourse on different types of hybrid cars available in the market. Take a glance!

Mild Hybrids
Mild hybrid is one of the hottest innovations in hybrid technology. The mild hybrid system provides a slight boost to the vehicle’s gasoline engine, usually when the automobile is accelerated from a dead stop.

These engines do not require to be plugged in and are located in 48-volt electric systems since they acquire energy from the combined power of a gasoline engine and regenerative braking.

Some common mild hybrid systems are eAssist, eTorque and EQ Boost.

Full Hybrids
Full hybrids sport both electrical components and a gasoline engine. However, the electric component in hybrid cars can handle more workload than that in a mild hybrid.

You will discover two types of full hybrid cars, referred to as parallel and series hybrids.

1. Parallel Hybrids:

Parallel hybrids use both electric motor and engine to propel the wheels. Also, transmission can be automatic, manual and constantly variable or CVT.

Here, the key factors that determine how a parallel hybrid will accelerate, sound, and feel will be the gasoline engine’s transmission type and size.

2. Series Hybrids:

Here, the driving experience is more like a power car since an electric motor is the sole way to obtain power.

The gasoline engine exists in this mode only to charge its battery. Also, the electric generator is driven by the combustion engine rather than the driving wheels, producing a smoother and more powerful acceleration.

A good example of a string hybrid car is the BMW i3, which also comes under electric hybrid cars.

Plug-in Hybrid
You must have come across the word “plug-in” when researching just what a hybrid car is.

As an electric car, a plug-in hybrid vehicle also contains a bigger battery pack that should be charged via an external source that provides an all-electric drive for about 15 to 55 miles. The automobile reverts back to a typical parallel hybrid after running out of all the electric energy.

Few Examples of plug-in hybrid cars are BYD F3DM, Toyota Prius, and BMW i8.

Once you’ve a detailed knowledge of the hybrid car types, read about its features and benefits.

WHAT EXACTLY ARE the Features and Great things about a Hybrid Car?
Following is a list of the beneficial top features of hybrid cars –

Idle-off
Incorporating a secondary electric motor provides a considerable range of benefits to the car that includes “idle-off.”

This means that the automobile is operational even though the key engine is switched off. Because of this, features like air-conditioning, radio among others are operated via batteries.

Quick Acceleration
This feature in hybrid car technology allows the car to improve from an electric motor to the primary engine when more power is necessary. This is more common when travelling uphill.

Power Assist
A substantial hybrid car benefit is its potential to downsize the principal engine, resulting in better fuel economy.

Many hybrid cars use electric motors during start-up and initial stages of the acceleration till they reach higher speeds. Following this, they use gasoline engines to improve fuel efficiency.

Regenerative Braking
This is among the best features within hybrid cars. Regenerative braking allows kinetic energy to convert into electric energy that recharges the battery unit.

The engine backwards mode is run with a forward movement of the vehicle’s wheels. This can help decrease the car’s speed and recharge at exactly the same time.

Full-electric cars are on the rise right now, which completely operate on electric motors. Companies like Tesla Motors are very promising in this field, and their cars allow lower emissions of harmful gases.

However, we will continue with our discussion on what a hybrid car is as the next most suitable choice to fully electric cars.